Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance of Bacteria Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections of Pregnant Women in Baghdad Hospitals
Kais Kassim Ghaima1, Zainab  Shaban Khalaf 2, Alaa Aziz Abdulhassanand Noor Yahya Salman4

1,3,4Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology for Postgraduate Studies, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

2Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq.

Corresponding Author E-mail: kaiskassim@gmail.com

Abstract: The aim of this study was investigating the drug resistance patterns of bacteria isolated from pregnant women with urinary tract infections (UTIs). This study included 1140 pregnant women attending two of main hospitals in Baghdad, Iraq, between September 2016 and August 2017. The isolation and identification of uropathogenic bacteria conducted by standard microbiological methods and Vitek2 system. The disc diffusion test was used to determine the antimicrobial resistance patterns of the isolated bacteria. The present study revealed that three hundred and fifty six isolates were positive for significant bacterial growth. Escherichia coli were the predominant bacteria (34 %) followed by Staphylococcus aureus (22.2 %), Klebsiella spp. (14.6 %), non-coagulase Staphylococcus (11.5 %), Proteus spp. (4.5 %), Pseudomonas spp. (3.7 %), Acinetobacter spp. (2.8 %), Citrobacter (2.8 %), Enterococcus (2.5 %) and Enterobacter (1.4 %). High resistance to Ampicillin (85.6 %), Co-trimoxazole (72.2 %) and Tetracycline (71.3 %) was observed. Also, It was found a moderate resistance to Ceftazidime, Ciprofloxacin, Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and Ceftriaxone. Imipenem was the most active antibiotic against isolated uropathogens. Among the 356 uropathogenic isolates, 196 (55 %) were from women in the 21 to 30  years old age group, and this rate was higher than other age groups. In conclusion, urinary tract infections are frequent among pregnant women. Early detection and continuous monitoring of antibiotic resistance pattern is very important to determine the appropriate treatment of UTIs among pregnant women without complications.

Keywords: Antibiotic Resistance; Pregnant Women; Urinary Tract Infection

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