Evaluation of Gastroprotective Effect of Vanadyl Sulfate and Lycopene on rat model with Ethanol-Induced Gastric Mucosal Lesions
Rafi Abdul-Majeed Al-Razzuqi1, Ahmad Rahma Abu-Rageef2, Wesal Sami Mehasin3 and Thulfaqar Rafi Abdul-Majeed Al-Razzuqi4

1Department of Medical techniques, Al-Ma'moon University College, Baghdad, Iraq.

2Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Al-Nahrain College of Medicine, Baghdad, Iraq.

3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Al-Ma'moon University College, Baghdad, Iraq.

4Department of Medical techniques, Al-Yarmouk University College, Baghdad, Iraq.

Corresponding Author E-mail: rafialmajeed@yahoo.com

Abstract: Gastric ulcers result from an imbalance between endogenous defense mechanisms and certain aggressive agents. Many drugs were used to overcome this imbalance, but few literatures made on plants. Therefore, we try to evaluate the gastroprotective efficacy of two nutritional supplements (Vanadyl sulfate and Lycopene) in comparison to Lansoprazole.  Five groups of seven healthy albino male rats each were received an oral daily dose of above agents for ten days. Then 1.25 ml of 95% ethanol orally used to induce mucosal injury and animals were sacrificed 1 hour later. Glutathione and malondialdehyde were estimated. A significant elevation in glutathione level found in Vanadyl and Lycopene-received groups in comparison to lansoprazole-received group (717.13±19.47 μmol/gm wet tissue, 609.55±17.6 μmol/gm wet tissue and 512.07±25.32 μmol/gm wet tissue respectively), with a significant reduction in malondialdehyde level (10.63±0.92 nmol/gm wet tissue, 12.66±0.56 nmol/g wet tissue and 14.90±0.33 nmol/gm wet tissue respectively). This revealed gastro-protective effects of Vanadyl and Lycopene in ameliorating the oxidative cellular damage.

Keywords: Malondialdehyde; Gastro-protective; lansoprazole-Received

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