Automatic Pulmonary Nodule Growth Measurement through CT Image Analysis based on Morphology Filtering and Statistical Region MergingElaheh Aghabalaei khordehchi1, Ahmad Ayatollahi2 and Mohammad Reza Daliri3
1Biomedical Electric, Electrical Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
2Electrical Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
3Electrical Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: This paper proposes an innovative method for automatic detection of pulmonary nodules in Computed Tomography (CT) data and measurement of changes in the number and sizes of the detected nodules during the treatment session. In the presented method, two multi-slice CT images are first taken from the patient’s lung, each captured by a similar capturing device but at two different dates. The CT images are then analyzed and their pulmonary nodules are extracted using a novel framework based on Mathematical Morphology Filtering (MMF), Statistical Region Merging (SRM), and Support Vector Machines (SVM). The MMF step smoothes the image in order to increase its homogeneity as well as removing the noises and artifacts. The SRM algorithm segments each slice of the CT image. After connecting the boundaries of the segments in adjacent slices, three-dimensional objects are produced which are considered as nodule-candidates. These candidates are classified into nodules and non-nodules using a two-class SVM classifier. The extracted nodules in each image are then labeled and their characteristics (i.e. labels, locations, and sizes) are stored. Finally, after registering the image pair using an affine algorithm, the growth rates of the lung nodules are measured.Keywords: Affine Algorithm; Computed Tomography; lung Nodules Back to TOC