Immunological NBT Test – Indicator of Phagocytic and Metabolic Activity of Neutrophilic Granulocytes in Complications of Ent Organs Diseases
Zarema N. Lovpache1, Tamara G. Tlupova1, Aslan A. Teuvov1, Arthur M. Baziev1 and Diana A. Teuvazhukova2  

1Department of General Surgery, Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after Kh.M. Berbekov, 360004, 173 Chernyshevskogo Str., Nalchik, Russian Federation.

2Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after Kh.M. Berbekov, 360004, 173 Chernyshevskogo Str., Nalchik, Russian Federation.

Abstract: Infectious diseases associated with diseases of ENT organs are quite common. Therefore, this problem requires detailed study. The main goal of the work is to characterize the immunological NBT test – the index of phagocytic and metabolic activity of neutrophilic granulocytes in cases of complications of ENT diseases. To achieve this goal and study the problem in detail, the authors used experimental methods. The experiment was conducted on 40 patients from 32 to 65 years. The authors found that during the eruptive phase of the disease, the percentage of NBT positive granulocytes and tetrazolium activity significantly increased and amounted to 30-40%, while the control group’s data were the following – the activity of the NBT test was 4.9-6.8%. It was also found that the NBT test in patients with otitic meningitis was 26-62%, while in all patients with serous meningitis, the level of the NBT test was low – 6-11.

Keywords: Meningitis; Immune Complexes; Bacterial Infections; Cytochemical Index; Staphylococcal Sinusitis

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