Antimicrobial Utilization in Wound Infections in Tertiary Care Hospital
Ramya Rachamanti1, V. Prem kumar1, M. C. Das1, Manam Mani Srikanth2 and M. Lakshmi Shravanthi2

1Department of Pharmacology, NRI academy of medical sciences, Guntur.

2NRI academy of medical sciences, Guntur.

Corresponding Author E-mail:

Abstract: To identify the utilization pattern of antimicrobials in patients with suspected wound infections and skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) according to WHO (World Health Organization) drug utilization indicators.This is a cross-sectional, record based study conducted in a tertiary care hospital after obtaining Institutional Ethical Committee approval. Patients of all ages admitted into N.R.I hospital between June to October 2017 suspected of wound and SSTIs were included in this study. Data of patients was collected from Medical records Department of the hospital. Analysis was done on 100 patients basing on inclusion criteria. Wound infections and SSTIs were found to be more common in males and in age group below 35 yrs. The major co-morbid conditions associated were diabetes and hypertension. Evaluation of prescriptions based on WHO drug utilization indicators showed that a total 201 antimicrobials were prescribed for 100 patients irrespective of positive or negative culture. Among antimicrobials, 31.8% were prescribed by their generic name.42.78 % were in the form of injections. 94.51 % of antimicrobials were in the National list of essential medicines 2015. Average duration of treatment given was for 7±3 days in the hospital. All the patients recovered well and got discharged. None of the patients died during the treatment among these 100 patients. The results obtained will be useful for implementing the modifications in the prescription for betterment of the patients and for the community.

Keywords: Antimicrobials; Skin and Soft Tissue Infections; W. H. O. Indicators; Wound Infections

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