Efficacy of Nadishodhan Pranayama - Alternate Nostril Breathing (ANB) on Functional Improvement in Post CABG Patient
M. Manikumar1, Monisha R2, A. Pahinian3, A. Jeganathanand Aparna Krishnakumar K5

1Saveetha College of Physiotherapy.

2Srm College of Physiotherapy.

3Sri Venkateshwara College of Physiotherapy.

4Physiotherapy Practitioner, Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Trust.

5Narayana Hrudayalaya Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Banglore, India.

Corresponding Author E-mail: monisha.r@ktr.srmuniv.ac.in

Abstract: The Purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Nadishodhan Pranayama - alternate nostril breathing (ANB) on functional improvement in post coronary artery bypass graft surgery patient. Thirty patients with CABG were included in the study. The study was conducted as experimental pre test and post test study design and received Nadishodan pranayama along with conventional physiotherapy. Patients were evaluated using Chest expansion range, Peak expiratory flow rate, and 10-cm visual analogue scale for pain perception. 2 day post-operatively, peak expiratory flow rate and other variables were similar as compared to the baseline value but significantly decreased in VAS score is documented to pre-operative values. Significant difference was found in chest expansion and peak expiratory flow on the sixth day following CABG surgery. Nadishodhan Pranayama improved peak expiratory flow rate, chest expansion from the first day post-operatively. After a 6-day treatment, functional capacity was well preserved with the usage of ANB.

Keywords: Physiotherapy; Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery; Nadishodhan Pranayama; Alternate Nostril Breathing; Exercise

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