Motorcycle-Related Cranio-Maxillofacial Injuries Among Brazilian Children and Adolescents
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti1, Fábio Henrique Costa Ferreira¹, Ricardo Alves Olinda1, Wilton Wilney Nascimento Padilha1 and Alidianne Fabia Cabral Cavalcanti2

1Public Health, State University of Paraíba, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.

2Dentistry, State University of Paraíba, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.

Corresponding Author E-mail: dralessandro@ibest.com.br

Abstract: Injuries to the head and face are common in victims of motorcycle accidents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of head and facial fractures among victims of motorcycle accidents in a trauma center. A cross-sectional study was developed through the analysis of 95 medical records of children and adolescents hospitalized due to motorcycle accidents in Campina Grande, Brazil. Data were analyzed with the SPSS software version 18, also using the Pearson’s chi-square test. The significance level adopted was 5 %. 77.9 % of victims were male and 22.1 % were female, representing a sex ratio of 3.5:1. As for age group, most had between 10 and 19 years (87.4%) and with respect to the day of the week, 55.8 % of incidents occurred over the weekend. The existence of bone fractures was observed in 85.3 % of victims and 17.9 % had fractures in the head and face. The occurrence of deaths was 3.2 %. There was association between age group and sex (p = 0.001). The motorcyclist road traffic accidents are more common in young male individuals and occur on weekends, with a male to female ratio of 3.5:1. The occurrence of bone fractures was high and most victims had a single injury however the number of deaths was very low.

Keywords: Accidents; Traffic; Facial Injuries; External Causes

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