An Epidemiologic Study of Injuries Caused by the Disputes Among Referral Cases to A Trauma Center, 2013-14Babak Mostafazadeh1, Siamak Sabouri2 and Esmaeil Farzaneh3
1Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2Specialist in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify the epidemiological aspects of damages or injuries caused by disputes in a trauma center. This cross-sectional study included all victims of dispute that referred to trauma center in a hospital from April 2013 to April 2014. Necessary information were collected from the hospital recorded files and after entered in a checklist, analyzed by statistical methods in SPSS.19. In total, 132 patients were eligible for final assessment with the mean age of 30.86 ± 13.80 years (ranged 12 to 85 years) that 99 were male. The most used object was hard object (35.6%). Scratches and bruises had the highest frequency (16.7%). In total, 27.3% had skull fracture and 32.6% hemorrhage. Bone fractures and dislocations were found in 12.9% and 14.4%, respectively. The frequency of injuries in abdominal organs was 12.1%, mostly in liver (18.8%). Results showed that the conflicts and related injuries show that the conflicts occur predominantly in younger men and particularly using hard objects. A notable number of victims suffer skull fracture, chest wall injuries and intra-abdominal damages, but pelvic injuries are partially rare. Overall, the injuries caused by disputes similarly occur in both genders and different age groups.Keywords: Dispute; Epidemiology; Injury; Victim Back to TOC