HIV Prevalence Among TB Patients in Moscow
Mikhail Valerevich Sinitsyn, Evgeny Mikhailovich Belilovskiy, Lydia Bulatovna Ayusheeva and Armine Sergeevna Galstyan  

Moscow Scientific and Clinical Center for TB Control, Moscow, Russian Federation.

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Abstract: This research evaluates the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence on the tuberculosis (TB) epidemiology in a megalopolis. A comparative analysis for TB patients, co-infected and not co-infected with HIV has been done using registry data of the TB monitoring system for Moscow for 2014-2015. It has been shown that permanent city residents aged from 31 to 40, unemployed and injection drug users are more common among TB patients co-infected with HIV vs. the rest of TB patients. Numbers of those infected with TB and dying of HIV amount to a third of total fatal cases associated with TB, as compared to those dying of TB. Thus, a significant contribution of HIV disease to key figures and dynamics must be recognized, when assessing the TB epidemiology.

Keywords: Tuberculosis; HIV Disease; Co-infection; Tuberculosis (TB); Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV Co-infection; Tuberculosis (TB) Epidemiology

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